AISI 4340 Steel Round Bar Sheet Plate, JIS SNCM439, DIN 1.6563
4340 steel is nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy steel . It will get high strength after the heat treat. And it has good toughness, fatigue resistance, impact toughness and etc. 4340 steel round bar sheet plate will get high tensile strength, hardness and toughness after heat treatment. It is used widely in the transmission components of heavy chemical machinery. Different sections of each part of the casting which cause the temperature difference stress and phase transformation stress.
Its equivalent grade is JIS SNCM439 and DIN 1.6563. The properties and composition of 4340 steel round bar sheet plate as below.
Alloy steels are designated by AISI four-digit numbers. They comprise different kinds of steels having composition exceeding the limitations of B, C, Mn, Mo, Ni, Si, Cr, and Va set for carbon steels.
AISI 4340 alloy steel is a heat treatable and low alloy steel containing chromium, nickel and molybdenum. It has high toughness and strength in the heat treated condition.
The following table shows the chemical composition of AISI 4340 alloy steel.
|Iron, Fe||95.195 – 96.33|
|Nickel, Ni||1.65 – 2.00|
|Chromium, Cr||0.700 – 0.900|
|Manganese, Mn||0.600 – 0.800|
|Carbon, C||0.370 – 0.430|
|Molybdenum, Mo||0.200 – 0.300|
|Silicon, Si||0.150 – 0.300|
The physical properties of AISI 4340 alloy steel are given in the following table.
|Density||7.85 g/cm3||0.284 lb/in³|
The mechanical properties of annealed AISI 4340 alloy steel are displayed in the following table.
|Tensile strength||745 MPa||108000 psi|
|Yield strength||470 MPa||68200 psi|
|Bulk modulus (typical for steel)||140 GPa||20300 ksi|
|Shear modulus (typical for steel)||80 GPa||11600 ksi|
|Elastic modulus||190-210 GPa||27557-30458 ksi|
|Elongation at break||22%||22%|
|Reduction of area||50%||50%|
|Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness)||240||240|
|Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness)||95||95|
|Hardness, Rockwell C (converted from Brinell hardness. Value below normal HRC range, for comparison purposes only)||17||17|
|Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness)||228||228|
|Machinability (annealed and cold drawn. Based on 100 machinability for AISI 1212 steel.)||50||50|
The following table outlines the thermal properties of AISI 4340 alloy steel.
|Thermal expansion co-efficient (20°C/68°F, specimen oil hardened, 600°C (1110°F) temper||12.3 µm/m°C||6.83 µin/in°F|
|Thermal conductivity (typical steel)||44.5 W/mK||309 BTU in/hr.ft².°F|
Other designations that are equivalent to AISI 4340 alloy steel include the following:
|AMS 6359||AMS 6454||ASTM A331 (4340)||ASTM A711||SAE J1397 (4340)|
|AMS 6409||ASTM A29 (4340)||ASTM A506 (4340)||ASTM A752 (4340)||SAE J404 (4340)|
|AMS 6414||ASTM A320 (L43)||ASTM A519 (4340)||ASTM A829||SAE J412 (4340)|
|AMS 6415||ASTM A322 (4340)||ASTM A646 (4340-7)||MIL S-5000|
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
AISI 4340 alloy steel has good ductility and formability in the annealed condition. It can be bent or formed by pressing or spinning in the annealed state.
AISI 4340 alloy steel can be welded using fusion or resistance welding methods. Preheat and post heat weld procedures are followed while welding this steel by established methods.
AISI 4340 alloy steel is heat treated at 830°C (1525°F) followed by quenching in oil.
AISI 4340 alloy steel is forged at 427 to 1233°C (1800 to 2250°F).
AISI 4340 alloy steel can be cold worked using all conventional methods in the annealed condition. It has high ductility.
AISI 4340 alloy steel is annealed at 844°C (1550°F) followed by cooling the furnace.
AISI 4340 alloy steel should be in the heat treated or normalized and heat treated condition before tempering. Tempering temperatures depend upon the desired strength level.
AISI 4340 alloy steel can be hardened by cold working or heat treatment.
AISI 4340 alloy steel is mainly used in power transmission gears and shafts, aircraft landing gear, and other structural parts.
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